Giulio Cesare Casseri, Anatomical illustrations from De humani corporis fabrica libri decem. c.1627.
jules cloquet, from manuel d’anatomie descriptive du corps humain (1825)
Armamentarium Chirurgium by Johannes Scultetus, 1656
the Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Frederick Ruysch by Jan van Neck (1683). detail
Hermann Schnauss. Elektrgrafie einer Hand, 1900
Eve Arnold, Hydrotherapy for political prisoners, psychiatric hospital. Soviet Russia, 1966
Abdominal hysterectomy for pyosalpinx (1916) (by Wellcome Library)
From Jean-Martin Charcot, Paul Richer: Contribution à l’étude de l’hypnotisme chez les hystériques; du phénomène de l’hyperexcitabilité neuromusculaire, 1881
Joseph Carey Merrick (5 August 1862 – 11 April 1890), sometimes incorrectly referred to as John Merrick, was an English man with severe deformities who was exhibited as a human curiosity named the Elephant Man. He became well known in London society after he went to live at the London hospital. Merrick was born in Leicester, Leicestershire and began to develop abnormally during the first few years of his life. His skin appeared thick and lumpy, he developed an enlargement of his lips, and a bony lump grew on his forehead. One of his arms and both feet became enlarged and at some point during his childhood he fell and damaged his hip, resulting in permanent lameness.
The exact cause of Merrick’s deformities is unclear. The dominant theory throughout much of the 20th century was that Merrick suffered from Neurofibromatosis type I. In 1986, a new theory emerged that he had Proteus Syndrome. In 2001 it was proposed that Merrick had suffered from a combination of neurofibromatosis type I and Proteus syndrome. DNA tests conducted on his hair and bones have proven inconclusive.
Morbid Anatomy of the Human Brain, Hooper, Robert, 1773-1835
Illustrations by: J. Howship
Title page, inflammation of the dura mater, inflammation of the pia mater, meningeal neoplasms, fungal infection of dura mater, inflammation of the brain, brain abscess, tuberculosis of the cerebellum, brain neoplasms and brain cysts